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Tribal-State Collaborations

Cooperative Agreements

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California

Title: Coordinated Adult and Juvenile Probation
Parties: Yurok Tribal Court and Counties of Del Norte and Humboldt, California
Date enacted/published: 2009

Description:

With help from a major grant from U.S. Department of Justice, the Yurok Tribal Court is entering into memoranda of understanding (MOU)with the two local counties to officially sanction the comonitoring of offenders and to establish protocols for the transfer of cases and assist in securing state court recognition of tribal court orders.

 One MOU, with Humboldt County, provides for joint supervision of tribal members sentenced to ankle monitoring for curfew compliance and alcohol consumption. The tribal court may recommend or refer a tribal member for placement in the program, which is limited to minimum-security inmates and low-level offenders related to substance or alcohol abuse. Other MOUs provide for the tribal court to conduct mental health screening, treatment planning, case management, and court monitoring for juvenile offenders and adults in Del Norte and Humboldt counties. The ultimate goal for the Yurok Tribe is to assume jurisdiction over all these cases, exercising its concurrent authority. In the meantime, the state and tribal systems have agreed to allocate parts of the process to the entity that can be most effective in addressing problems of substance abuse and associated offenses.

For additional information contact:
Honorable Abby Abinanti
Chief Judge
Yurok Tribal Court
(707) 482-1350
aabinanti@gmail.com

Minnesota

Title: Cass County/Leech Lake Wellness Court
Parties: Leech Lake Tribal Court and Cass County Court, MN
Date enacted/published: 2007

Description:

A packet of information regarding the Wellness Court  jointly operated by Cass County Court and Leech Lake Tribal Court, including the joint powers agreement, press release, description of the operation of the cooperative drug court, goals and objectives, and contact information.The Leech Lake Band and Cass County, Minnesota have a cooperative, jurisdictional sharing agreement for drug court. The goals are to reduce costs, reduce criminal behavior and recidivism, enhance public safety, and enhance the well-being of participants.

For additional information contact:
Honorable Korey Wahwassuck
Leech Lake Tribal Court
16126 John Moose Drive
Cass Lake, MN 56633
(218) 335-3682
koreyw@llojibwe.org
Honorable John P. Smith
Cass County Courthouse
300 Minnesota Avenue
P.O. Box 3000
Walker, MN 56484
john.smith@courts.state.mn.us
Title: Engendering Tribal Court/State Court Cooperation, Bench and Bar of MN
Parties: Minnesota tribal courts, Minnesota courts
Date enacted/published: December 2006

Description:

Article in the Bench and Bar of Minnesota by Judge Robert Blaeser and Andrea Martin that explores how Minnesota state courts and tribal courts have sought to resolve jurisdictional disputes. It describes an alternative approach inspired by the Wisconsin Supreme Court that is known as the Teague Protocol and the court rule proposed by the Tribal Court/State Court Forum to recognize tribal court judgments.   The court rule proposed by the Tribal/State Court Forum in Minnesota was not adopted by the Minnesota Supreme Court.

For additional information contact:
Judge Robert A. Blaeser
Hennepin County Court House
300 South 6th Street
Minneapolis, MN 55487-0999
(612) 348-4964

Oregon

Title: Article on a MOU between Klamath Tribe and District Court on Juvenile Supervision
Parties: Klamath Tribal Court, Klamath District Court
Date enacted/published: July 2008

Description:

This article describes a MOU between the Klamath Tribal Court and the Klamath District Court regarding the transfer of some juvenile cases to the tribal court for supervision. Copy of the MOU is not online.

For additional information contact:
Klamath Tribal Court
116 E. Chocktoot Street
P.O. Box 1260
Chiloquin, Oregon 97624
Phone: 541-783-3020